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Year in review: complex valve reconstruction

Mazine, Amine; Badiwala, Mitesh; Cohen, Gideon

Current Opinion in Cardiology: March 2016 - Volume 31 - Issue 2 - p 154–161
doi: 10.1097/HCO.0000000000000268
VALVULAR HEART DISEASE: Edited by Subodh Verma

Purpose of review In recent years, great emphasis has been placed on reconstructive techniques for the surgical management of heart valve disease. In this review, we discuss recent data and current practice as it pertains to the subject of reconstructive valve surgery.

Recent findings New techniques and an improved understanding of the mechanisms of aortic insufficiency have led to marked improvement in the early and late outcomes of aortic valve repair. While mitral valve repair is the established approach for the management of degenerative mitral valve disease, surgical technique continues to be refined, with valve reconstruction principles applied to increasingly challenging anatomy. Moreover, the introduction of novel biomaterials has allowed extension of the indication for valve reconstruction to circumstances of extensive tissue defect, including infective endocarditis.

Summary Valve reconstruction is increasingly being recognized as an alternative to valve replacement. It alleviates the risks of prosthesis-related complications and is especially appealing in young and middle-aged adults. While early and midterm outcomes appear promising, further studies are warranted to assess the clinical benefit and long-term durability of complex valve reconstruction procedures.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and Toronto General Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Correspondence to Gideon Cohen, MD, PhD, FRCSC, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Ave, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada. Tel: +1 416 480 6100 ext 6077; fax: +1 416 480 6072; e-mail:

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