Diseases of the aorta, pulmonary and peripheral vessels: Edited by Alan C. BravermanObstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular diseaseCalvin, Andrew Da; Somers, Virend KbAuthor Information aMayo School of Graduate Medical Education, USA bDivision of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA Correspondence to Virend K. Somers, MD, DPhil, Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Disease, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA Tel: +1 507 255 1144; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Cardiology: November 2009 - Volume 24 - Issue 6 - p 516-520 doi: 10.1097/HCO.0b013e328330c2ed Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review To update the reader on the most recent developments linking obstructive sleep apnea to cardiovascular disease. Recent findings Significant progress has been made in defining the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease. However, much work remains to be done to clarify the pathophysiologic mechanisms and the potential role of treatment of sleep apnea in the prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Summary At present there is only limited evidence to recommend the routine treatment of obstructive sleep apnea specifically for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.