Purpose of review
Modifiable patient-related risk factors, such as physical, emotional, and cognitive frailty, poor nutritional status, sleep hygiene, anemia, alcohol abuse, and smoking reduce a patient's ability to effectively recover from the insult of surgery. Herein, we review the value of implementing a comprehensive prehabilitation program for patients undergoing thoracic surgery.
Although prehabilitation is not a novel concept, recent evidence suggest that 4–6 weeks of prehabilitation prior to surgery is likely to increase a patient's preoperative functional status allowing patients to return to independence earlier after surgery. The value of a prehabilitation program can be determined using cost effectiveness analysis, cost-benefit analysis (CBA), cost-utility analysis (CUA), and cost-consequence analysis (CCA).
It stands to reason that well designed prehabilitation programs can add value by improving quality metrics at a lower cost to our healthcare system. Definitive randomized trials are needed to confirm this notion.