ANESTHESIA AND MEDICAL DISEASE: Edited by Adriana D. OpreaEndocrine emergencies in anesthesiaFernandez-Robles, Claudia; Carr, Zyad J.; Oprea, Adriana D.Author Information Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA Correspondence to Adriana D. Oprea, MD, Associate Professor of Anesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar St., TMP 3, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA. Tel: +203 785 2802; fax: +203 785 6664; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology: June 2021 - Volume 34 - Issue 3 - p 326-334 doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000986 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review An increasing number of patients with endocrine disorders will present to the operating rooms. In this review, we outline the common endocrine disorders that the anesthesiologist may face in the perioperative time span, review the controversies in optimal management, as well as summarize the recent literature for the management of these complex patients. Recent findings Perioperative management of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma has been facilitated by improved medical management and the adoption of minimally invasive surgical techniques. An improved understanding of the sequelae of carcinoid syndrome has resulted in safer perioperative management. Perioperative glycemic management requires a fundamental understanding of perioperative fluid resuscitation and adverse events associated with the new generation oral hyperglycemic agents to prevent avoidable complications. Summary Endocrine disorders will commonly present in the perioperative time period and the anesthesiologist plays a critical role in achieving good operative outcomes. Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.