GERIATRIC ANESTHESIA: Edited by Leanne GrobanElderly hip fracture patients: surgical timing and factors to considerWenk, Manuela; Frey, SönkebAuthor Information aDepartment of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine bDepartment of Orthopedic, Trauma- and Handsurgery, Florence-Nightingale-Hospital, Düsseldorf, Germany Correspondence to Manuel Wenk, MD, PhD, Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine Florence-Nightingale-Hospital Kreuzbergstr, 79 40489 Düsseldorf, Germany. Tel: +49 211 409 2300; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology: February 2021 - Volume 34 - Issue 1 - p 33-39 doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000941 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Hip fractures of the elderly population are a common trauma and numbers are increasing due to ageing societies. Although this is an ordinary low energy impact injury and surgical repair techniques show good results, the perioperative course is characterized by an unparalleled disproportionate perioperative morbidity and mortality. Recent findings Most studies focus on outcome-related data. Little is known on how to prevent and treat adverse sequelae, ranging from mild physical challenges to neurobiological disorders and death. Summary Although the contribution of the anaesthetic technique per se seems to be small, the role of the anaesthesiologist as a perioperative physician is undisputed. From focusing on comorbidities and initiating preoperative optimization to intraoperative and postoperative care, there is a huge area to be covered by our faculty to ensure a reasonable outcome defined as quality of postoperative life rather than merely in terms of a successful surgical repair. Protocol-driven perioperative approaches should be employed focusing on pre, intraoperative and postoperative optimization of the patient to facilitate early repair of the fracture that may then translate into better outcomes and hence alleviate the individual patient's burden as well as the socioeconomic load for society. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.