NEUROANESTHESIA: Edited by Lingzhong MengInterventions to improve perioperative neurologic outcomesVandiver, Matthew S.; Vacas, SusanaAuthor Information Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA Correspondence to Susana Vacas, MD, PhD, Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 757 Westwood Plaza, Suite 3325, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. Tel: +1 310 267 8686; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology: October 2020 - Volume 33 - Issue 5 - p 661-667 doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000905 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Few outcomes in surgery are as important to patients as that of their neurologic status. The purpose of this review is to discuss and categorize the most common perioperative neurologic complications. We will also discuss strategies to help prevent and mitigate these complications for our patients. Recent findings There are several strategies the anesthesiologist can undertake to prevent or treat conditions, such as perioperative neurocognitive disorders, spinal cord ischemia, perioperative stroke, and postoperative visual loss. Summary A thorough understanding of threats to patients’ neurologic well-being is essential to excellent clinical practice. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.