TRAUMA AND TRANSFUSION: Edited by Andrea U. SteinbickerPoint-of-Care diagnostics of coagulation in the management of bleeding and transfusion in trauma patientsFrancis, Roland C.E.a; Theurl, Igorb; Maegele, Marcc; Graw, Jan A.a,d Author Information aCharité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health. Klinik für Anästhesiologie mit Schwerpunkt operative Intensivmedizin CCM/CVK, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany bMedical University of Innsbruck, Department of Internal Medicine II, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria cUniversity Witten/Herdecke (UW/H), Department of Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery, Cologne-Merheim Medical Center (CMMC), and Institute for Research in Operative Medicine (IFOM), Campus Cologne-Merheim, Ostmerheimerstr. 22, 51109 Cologne, Germany dBerlin Institute of Health (BIH), Anna-Louisa-Karsch-Str. 1, 10178 Berlin, Germany Correspondence to Prof. Dr. med. Roland C.E. Francis, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Klinik für Anästhesiologie m.S. operative Intensivmedizin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany. Tel: +49 30 450 551002; fax: +49 30 450 551900; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology: April 2020 - Volume 33 - Issue 2 - p 246-252 doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000836 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Trauma-associated bleeding and coagulopathy require timely identification, prevention, and effective treatment. The present review summarizes the recent literature around point-of-care (POC) coagulation tests, their usefulness in the management of trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC), their impact on trauma patient outcomes, and the requirement of quality assurance. Recent findings Best practice algorithms to manage TIC have been compiled in the 2019 European Guideline on the management of major bleeding and coagulopathy after trauma. Evidence supports the use of goal-directed approaches to manage TIC. POC coagulation tests can accelerate and tailor individualized therapies. Recent findings emphasize: the time sparing of POC tests in prehospital settings and the validity of POC measurements in extreme environments; the potential scalability of POC-guided TIC algorithms in burn injuries and the pediatric population; the need for careful considerations of strategies to monitor and reverse the effects of direct oral anticoagulants in major trauma. Summary In contrast to an abundance of reviews and practical approaches to POC coagulation management in trauma patients, there is a scarcity of research in the field and large-scale clinical trials are urgently needed. The paneuropean multicenter trial Implementing Treatment Algorithms for the Correction of Trauma Induced Coagulopathy (iTACTIC) will inform on the potential of viscoelastic tests to augment transfusion protocols for better patient outcomes. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.