THORACIC ANESTHESIA: Edited by Albert C. Perrino, JrFascial plane blocks in thoracic surgery a new era or plain painful?Marciniak, Donn; Kelava, Marta; Hargrave, JenniferAuthor Information Department of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA Correspondence to Donn Marciniak, MD. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology: February 2020 - Volume 33 - Issue 1 - p 1–9 doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000803 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The demand for well-tolerated, effective, and opioid reducing pain management has become imperative in thoracic surgery. With the recent movement away from neuraxial analgesia for thoracic surgical patients, great interest in alternative analgesic techniques of the chest wall has developed. Multiple fascial plane blocks have been developed for pain management of the lateral chest wall and we present an up-to-date review of these popular new interventions. Recent findings The pectoralis and serratus anterior plane blocks may offer effective analgesia of the lateral chest wall for thoracic surgical patients. The erector spinae plane block may offer more extensive analgesic coverage but requires further investigation. Summary Fascial plane blocks hold the potential for well-tolerated and effective analgesia for thoracic surgical patients as part of a multimodal regimen of pain relief. However, many questions remain regarding block characteristics. As the literature matures, more formal recommendations will be made but quality trials are needed to provide this guidance. Copyright © 2020 YEAR Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.