The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the current knowledge about patient safety and outcomes in the office-based setting. Ambulatory procedures performed outside the hospital are steadily increasing, resulting in an increasing number and complexity of office-based procedures and patient comorbidities over the past two decades. In this review we focus on most recent outcomes studies encompassing different surgical specialties and patient populations.
Rates of complications in the office-based surgical (OBS) setting from the latest publications are similar to, or lower than previously reported studies. Many of the studies published were in the field of plastic surgery, with a few publications on office vascular and dental procedures. The most common complications were haematoma, infection and venous thromboembolism (VTE) and pulmonary embolism. Death was a rare finding, though when it occurred, it was often associated with VTE/pulmonary emboli and abdominoplasties.
Overall, these studies contribute positively to our current understanding of the safety of office-based anaesthesia. As an increasing number of procedures migrate from the hospital setting to ambulatory and office-based environments, it will be critically important to ensure high quality and safe patient care in these settings.
aDepartment of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School
bInstitute for Safety in Office-Based Surgery
cDepartment of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Correspondence to Richard D. Urman, MD, MBA, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Tel: +1 617 732 8222; e-mail: Rurman@bwh.harvard.edu