REGIONAL ANESTHESIA: Edited by Nabil M. ElkassabanyThe road to accreditation for fellowship training in regional anesthesiology and acute pain medicineMariano, Edward R.a; Rosenquist, Richard W.bAuthor Information aDepartment of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine; Stanford, California, USA; Anesthesiology and Perioperative Care Service, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health care System; Palo Alto, California, USA bPain Management Department, Cleveland Clinic Foundation; Cleveland, Ohio, USA Correspondence to Edward R. Mariano, MD, MAS, Anesthesiology and Perioperative Care Service; VA Palo Alto Health care System; 3801 Miranda Avenue (112A), Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. Tel: +650 849 0254; fax: +650 852 3423; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology: October 2018 - Volume 31 - Issue 5 - p 643-648 doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000639 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The purpose of this review is to provide the background and rationale for pursuing accreditation of regional anesthesiology and acute pain medicine (RAAPM) fellowships, explain specific steps and challenges in the process, and forecast the future of fellowship training. Recent findings In 2016, the first fellowship program in RAAPM was able to apply for accreditation from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). The establishment of this newly accredited subspecialty fellowship and the announcement of the first accredited programs represented a tremendous achievement in anesthesiology training and medical education in general and was the culmination of nearly 4 years of dedicated effort. Summary Programs with initial ACGME accreditation are on a 2-year term and will be reviewed to evaluate adherence to the program requirements and the quality of fellowship training. Deficiencies identified will need to be resolved or face loss of accreditation. However, a program's maintenance of accreditation represents a commitment to its fellows to provide a training experience that can be held as a benchmark for all programs. Copyright © 2018 YEAR Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.