Role of the anesthesiologist-intensivist outside the ICU opportunity to add value for the hospital or an unnecessary distraction?Bennett, Suzanne; Grawe, Erin; Jones, Courtney; Josephs, Sean A.; Mechlin, Maggie; Hurford, William E.Current Opinion in Anesthesiology: April 2018 - Volume 31 - Issue 2 - p 165–171 doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000560 INTENSIVE CARE AND RESUSCITATION: Edited by Marek Brzezinski Buy Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics Purpose of review Given the extremely expensive nature of critical care medicine, it seems logical that intensivists should play an active role in designing efficient systems of care. The true value of intensivists, however, is not well defined. Recent findings Anesthesiologists have taken key roles in improving patient safety in the operating room. Anesthesia-related mortality rates have decreased from 20 deaths per 100 000 anesthetics in the early 1980s to less than one death per 100 000 currently. Anesthesiologist-intensivists remain rare (less than 5% of certified anesthesiologists), but increasingly play multiple roles within multidisciplinary teams. This review outlines the roles of intensivists in performance improvement, perioperative assessment; sedation services, extracorporeal and mechanical support, and code/rapid response teams. Critical-care physicians, by definition, work in collaborative multispecialty and multidisciplinary teams that make it difficult to isolate each team member's precise contribution to healthcare value. Summary Anesthesiologist-intensivists working outside their usual environment provide leadership and clinical guidance towards improving patient outcomes. Department of Anesthesiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA Correspondence to William E. Hurford, MD, Professor of Anesthesia, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, PO Box 670531, Cincinnati, OH 45267-05331, USA. Tel: +1 513 558 2402; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Copyright © 2018 YEAR Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.