MORBID OBESITY AND SLEEP APNEA: Edited by Frances F. ChungObstructive sleep apnea and bariatric surgical guidelines summary and updatede Raaff, Christel A.L.a; de Vries, Nicob,c,d; van Wagensveld, Bart A.a Author Information aDepartment of Surgery, OLVG West bDepartment of Oral Kinesiology, ACTA, Amsterdam, The Netherlands cDepartment of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Translational Neurosciences Research Group, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium dDepartment of Otorhinolaryngology, OLVG West, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Correspondence to Christel A.L. de Raaff, MD, Obesity Center Amsterdam, OLVG West, Jan Tooropstraat 164, 1061 AE Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Tel: +31 20 5108040; fax: +31 20 6854014; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology: February 2018 - Volume 31 - Issue 1 - p 104-109 doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000542 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Increasing numbers of bariatric surgical procedures and the high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in this population have resulted in a growing interest in the perioperative management of OSA in bariatric surgery. This review provides a summary of the first consensus guideline on this topic as well as an update of the newest literature available. Recent findings All bariatric patients should be screened for OSA and obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) to reduce the risk of perioperative complications. Intraoperative precautions are preoxygenation, induction and intubation in ramped position, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and positive end-expiratory pressure during induction, maintenance of low tidal volumes during surgery, multimodal anesthesia and analgesia with avoidance of opioids and extubation when patients are free of neuromuscular blockage. CPAP therapy and continuous monitoring with a minimum of pulse oximetry is recommended in the early postoperative period. Summary Multiple precautions exist to minimize the risk of cardiopulmonary complications and to enhance recovery after surgery. A combination of these procedures seems to provide optimal perioperative care of OSA patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Nearly 75% of recommendations are based on low quality of evidence, indicating the high value of experts’ opinion and potential for future research. Copyright © 2018 YEAR Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.