ANESTHESIA AND MEDICAL DISEASE: Edited by Andreas HoeftThe patient with anemiaShander, Aryeh; Javidroozi, MazyarAuthor Information Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Englewood Hospital and Medical Center, Englewood, New Jersey, USA Correspondence to Aryeh Shander, MD, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Englewood Hospital and Medical Center, 350 Engle Street, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA. Tel: +1 201 894 3238; fax: +1 201 894 0585; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology: June 2016 - Volume 29 - Issue 3 - p 438-445 doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000340 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Anemia remains a global health issue. This review addresses the recent findings on anemia in surgical patients and its significance in perioperative setting. Recent findings The prevalence of anemia in surgical populations is high, ranging from one-third of population to nearly 100%. Anemia is an independent, modifiable risk factor for a growing list of unfavorable events, complications and diminished functional outcomes (lasting for months following discharge), as well as a major predisposing factor for allogeneic blood transfusions. Therefore, timely screening and diagnosis of anemia prior to elective surgeries is of great importance. Nonetheless, studies suggest that many opportunities to properly manage anemia in perioperative setting are lost. Patient blood management provides a framework of evidence-based strategies to effectively reduce the risk of occurrence of anemia and treat it with the ultimate goal of improving patient outcomes. Studies on the clinical impact of patient blood management strategies are emerging. Summary Active screening for anemia and proper management of it in perioperative setting is essential. Several strategies to prevent anemia – including elimination of unnecessary diagnostic blood draws – are effective and reasonable approaches. Copyright © 2016 YEAR Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.