Clinical ‘Pearls’ of maternal critical care part IPatil, Vinod; Wong, Michael; Wijayatilake, Dhuleep S.Current Opinion in Anesthesiology: June 2016 - Volume 29 - Issue 3 - p 304–316 doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000339 OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGICAL ANESTHESIA: Edited by Marc Van de Velde Buy Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics Purpose of review This review outlines the challenges in looking after pregnant women with thromboembolism and sepsis who either become or are at risk of becoming critically ill during pregnancy. Recent findings The Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance systems in both the USA and UK record the most common causes of maternal death as thromboembolism and sepsis. Both of these conditions have improved outcomes with timely maternal critical care provided by a multidisciplinary team. Summary In this review, we discuss the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of thromboembolism and sepsis, two very important conditions with high mortality requiring admission to intensive care. aDepartment of Anaesthesiology bQueen Mary University of London cDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynaecology dDepartment of Intensive Care Medicine, Queen's Hospital, BHR NHS Trust, Romford, UK Correspondence to Vinod Patil, Department of Anesthesia, BHR University Hospitals, Romford RM7 0AG, UK. Tel: +44 1708503727; e-mail: email@example.com Copyright © 2016 YEAR Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.