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Neutrophil activation in occupational asthma

Choi, Youngwoo; Lee, Youngsoo; Park, Hae-Sim

Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology: April 2019 - Volume 19 - Issue 2 - p 81–85
doi: 10.1097/ACI.0000000000000507
OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE: Edited by Susan M. Tarlo and Piero Maestrelli
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Purpose of review The aim of this review is to emphasize the role of neutrophils in patients with occupational asthma. This review facilitates a better understanding, accurate diagnosis, and proper management of asthmatic reactions provoked at the workplace.

Recent findings Increased recruitment and infiltration of neutrophils are found in patients with occupational asthma. Activated neutrophils release several mediators including pro-inflammatory cytokines and extracellular traps, leading to stimulation of airway epithelium and other inflammatory cells.

Summary New insights into neutrophils in the pathogenesis of occupational asthma may provide a novel approach to the individual patient with occupational asthma.

Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea

Correspondence to Hae-Sim Park, MD, PhD, Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Ajou University School of Medicine, 164 Worldcup-ro, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon, Korea. Tel: +82 31 219 5196; fax: +82 31 219 5154; e-mail: hspark@ajou.ac.kr

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