The role of surfactant protein-A in sinusitisChang, Eugene H.Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology: February 2019 - Volume 19 - Issue 1 - p 26–29 doi: 10.1097/ACI.0000000000000500 RHINITIS, SINUSITIS AND UPPER AIRWAY DISEASE: Edited by Ruby Pawankar and David P. Skoner Buy Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics Purpose of review Surfactant protein-A (SP-A) is a collectin protein expressed in airway epithelia that is critical in the modulation of both innate and adaptive immunity against inhaled pathogens. In this review, we highlight associations of altered SP-A function in asthma and chronic rhinosinusitis, and its potential role as a targeted therapy for sinusitis. Recent findings SP-A has been shown to bind and opsonize inhaled pathogens, thereby clearing bacteria through phagocytosis. We have recently identified that SP-A levels are increased in response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a common bacterial pathogen in chronic rhinosinusitis. Moreover, SP-A has also been shown to modulate epithelial inflammatory mediators and play a role in eosinophil-mediated airway disease. The development of a transgenic murine model expressing human genetic variants of SP-A2 have suggested that the human surfactant protein-A2 223K variant significantly increases eosinophil degranulation, suggesting a genotype-phenotype correlation in human airway disease. Summary SP-A is important in both the innate and adaptive host defense mechanisms in the upper and lower airways. Although research in this field in sinusitis is nascent, initial work suggests that aberrant SP-A regulation may be one etiologic factor in the development of bacterial and eosinophilic-associated sinusitis. Department of Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona, USA Correspondence to Eugene H. Chang, MD, FACS, Associate Professor, Otolaryngology Director, Rhinology, 1501 N. Campbell Avenue PO Box 245074 Tucson, AZ 85724, USA. Tel: +520 626-6673; fax: +520 626-6995; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.