ANAPHYLAXIS AND INSECT ALLERGY: Edited by Gianenrico Senna and Mariana CastellsClimate changes and Hymenoptera venom allergy: are there some connections?Turillazzi, Stefano; Turillazzi, FrancescoAuthor Information Dipartimento di Biologia, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy Correspondence to Stefano Turillazzi, Dipartimento di Biologia, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Via Madonna del Piano 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy. Tel: +39 055 4574600; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology: October 2017 - Volume 17 - Issue 5 - p 344-349 doi: 10.1097/ACI.0000000000000388 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review This review aims to update the world status of the main allergenic stinging Hymenoptera. Recent findings In this review, we consider the problems that social Hymenoptera (bees, wasps and ants) could represent in the nearest future for human health in different parts of the world. Summary Distribution and consistency of allergenic species including venomous insects are interested by accelerated dynamics caused by climate changes and globalization. Owing to the expansion of ranges of native species and colonization of invasive ones, even in the uncertainty of present available models, new challenges presented by stinging Hymenoptera should be expected in the future. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.