Anaphylaxis and insect allergy: Edited by Theodore Freeman, Jacobs, Ramirez, and Freeman Allergy & Immunology Associates and Ralf G. HeineAnt venomsHoffman, Donald R Author Information Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA Correspondence to Donald R. Hoffman, PhD, Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, 600 Moye Blvd, Greenville, NC 27834, USA Tel: +1 252 744 2807; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology: August 2010 - Volume 10 - Issue 4 - p 342-346 doi: 10.1097/ACI.0b013e328339f325 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The review summarizes knowledge about ants that are known to sting humans and their venoms. Recent findings Fire ants and Chinese needle ants are showing additional spread of range. Fire ants are now important in much of Asia. Venom allergens have been characterized and studied for fire ants and jack jumper ants. The first studies of Pachycondyla venoms have been reported, and a major allergen is Pac c 3, related to Sol i 3 from fire ants. There are very limited data available for other ant groups. Summary Ants share some common proteins in venoms, but each group appears to have a number of possibly unique components. Further proteomic studies should expand and clarify our knowledge of these fascinating animals. Copyright © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.