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White Jill M. B.S.N. R.N.
Clinical Nurse Specialist: July 1992

THE PURPOSE OF this study was to examine the effects of relaxing music on elevated state anxiety in patients with a confirmed medical diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. In addition, the relationship between trait anxiety and state anxiety was analyzed. A purposive sample of 40 myocardial infarction patients was randomly assigned to an experimental or control group. Statistically significant reduction in heart rate, respiratory rate, and state anxiety scores were found in the group that listened to relaxing music. A statistically significant positive correlation was found between trait anxiety scores and the degree of change in posttreatment state anxiety scores when examined as a net change, as well as a percent change. Results suggested that music therapy may be an effective intervention to reduce state anxiety levels in the acute myocardial infarction patient.

© Williams & Wilkins 1992. All Rights Reserved.