Nurses' Perceptions of the Management of Acute Pain in Emergency Departments: Cross-sectional Study : Clinical Nurse Specialist

Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Feature Articles

Nurses' Perceptions of the Management of Acute Pain in Emergency Departments

Cross-sectional Study

Hämäläinen, Jenni MScN, RN; Kvist, Tarja PhD, RN; Koota, Elina PhD, RN; Kankkunen, Päivi PhD, RN

Author Information
Clinical Nurse Specialist 36(5):p 254-263, 9/10 2022. | DOI: 10.1097/NUR.0000000000000694



This study aimed to describe registered nurses' perceptions of acute pain management in emergency departments.


The study design was a cross-sectional survey carried out in accordance with Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines. One hundred one nurses from 5 different emergency departments participated in the survey.


Data were analyzed using descriptive methods, nonparametric tests, and principal component analysis.


Continuing education was significantly related to pain management. Nurses who had received continuing pain management education thought more often that challenges in pain management impact patients' acute pain management than those who had not received education. Nurses reported that patients received inadequate pain medication. The most used nonpharmacological methods were ice therapy and postural care. The nurses reported that music and conversation with the patient ameliorated the patients' acute pain. Nurses stated that their lack of knowledge concerning pain management and workload affected their acute pain management.


Study results emphasize the need to develop ongoing pain management education for registered nurses and in addition to further research of nonpharmacological alleviation method in emergency departments.

Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

You can read the full text of this article if you:

Access through Ovid