The purpose of this integrative review was to determine whether a journal club (JC) is a successful medium to bridge the research-to-practice gap and more specifically to answer the question: Do JCs increase research knowledge, dissemination of the knowledge, and implementation of evidence into practice?
Although substantial advancements have been made to increase awareness and utilization of evidence-based practice (EBP), the implementation of evidence into practice has its limitations.
The Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Service framework was used as the theoretical base for this review.
An integrative review, as described by Ganong, was conducted. The search generated 28 articles, 10 of which met the inclusion criteria. Data were interpreted and evaluated using a data summary sheet influenced by the Ganong approach. The findings were summarized into 4 categories: understanding, circulation, implementation, and facilitation.
CINAHL, MEDLINE, Cochrane, Athens, Google Scholar, and Academia Premiere.
Journal clubs improved research-critiquing skills and increased the dissemination of research findings, but lacked the ability to integrate the evidence into practice. Facilitators of a successful JC were leaders in reviewing, developing, and implementing EBP.
The 3 elements of the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Service framework, context, evidence, and facilitation were supported by the findings.
A JC promotes change, stimulates professionalism, and provides the opportunity to improve practice through understanding, utilization, and implementation of EBP.
Author Affiliations: Porter County Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Valparaiso; Purdue University North Central, Westville; and LaPorte Regional Health System, Indiana.
Corresponding author: Julia L. Rogers, MSN, RN, CNS, FNP-BC, 1101 E. Glendale Suite 103 Valparaiso, IN 46350 (email@example.com).