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Health Risk Assessment in an Urban Hispanic Community

NIES, MARY A. PhD, RN, FAAN, FAAHB; ARTINIAN, NANCY T. PhD, RN, FAHA; SCHIM, STEPHANIE MYERS PhD, RN, CNAA, APRN,BC; Wal, JILLON S. VANDER PhD; SHERRICK-ESCAMILLA, SHIRLEY MSN, RNC

FEATURE ARTICLE
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Purpose This study describes the health risks of urban Hispanic adults and compares the health risks of persons who identified themselves as “not overweight” with those who identified themselves as “overweight.”

Design A descriptive correlational design was used to examine current health risks.

Setting The study, a part of a larger community action study, was conducted in the predominantly Hispanic/Latino community of Southwest Detroit. A Roman Catholic parish, a central component of this community, served as the study setting.

Sample One hundred ninety-three Hispanic adults participated.

Methods Following administration of an information sheet, participants were asked to complete the 22-item Personal Health Risk Assessment, available in both English and Spanish versions, which measured health status and demographic characteristics.

Findings Significant differences in blood pressure, diabetes, and the total number of health risks between the “not overweight” and “overweight” groups were identified, with the “overweight” participants scoring higher on these subscales.

Conclusions Findings from this study highlight the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and the greater clustering of cardiovascular risk factors among persons identifying themselves as overweight.

Implications for Practice This study supports the need for active participation of clinical nurse specialists in health-promotion activities and intervention research in this growing population.

School of Medicine (Dr Nies) and the College of Nursing (Drs Nies, Artinian, Schim, and Vander Wal and Ms Sherrick-Escamilla), Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich.

Corresponding author: Mary A. Nies, PhD, RN, FAAN, FAAHB, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, 191 Keelson Dr, Detroit, MI 48215 (e-mail: m.nies@wayne.edu).

© 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.