Nursing PracticeUsing Research to Establish Protocols for Practice: A Statewide Study of Acute Care AgenciesMorin, Karen H. D.S.N., R.N.; Bucher, Linda D.N.Sc., R.N.; Plowfield, Lisa Ph.D., R.N.; Hayes, Evelyn Ph.D., R.N., C.S.-F.N.P; Mahoney, Patricia M.A., R.N.; Armiger, Lynne M.S.N., R.N.Author Information KAREN H. MORIN is a professor at the Widener University School of Nursing, Chester, Pennsylvania. She has been principal investigator on several funded studies. She is a member of the Division on Research, Delaware Nurses Association, and a member of the Research Committee of the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric, and Neonatal Nurses. LINDA BUCHER is an associate professor at the University of Delaware, College of Health & Nursing Sciences. She currently teaches undergraduate and graduate nursing students, and has been involved in developing an honors-track critical care course for senior nursing students. LISA PLOWFIELD is an assistant professor at the University of Delaware, College of Health & Nursing Sciences. She is Program Director for the HEALTH Center, funded by the U.S. Public Health Service. Her research focus has been family experiences of critical illness; her clinical focus is neurotrauma. She served as Chair of the Division on Nursing Research during the conduct of this study. EVELYN HAYES is a professor at the University of Delaware, College of Health & Nursing Sciences. She has been Director of the University Employee Wellness Program, and is a certified FNP. She has multiple funded research projects, and peer-reviewed articles and scholarly presentations to her credit. She is an active member of several organizations, including STTI, DNA, and ANA. PATRICIA MAHONEY is a licensed Nursing Home Administrator at Ingleside Assisted Living, Ardentown, Delaware. She is a graduate of Georgetown University and New York University, and has been a CNS, faculty member, researcher, and nursing administrator at various institutions in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia. LYNNE ARMIGER is a research and development administrator at the Nanticoke Memorial Hospital, Delaware. She received a Master's of Science in Nursing from the University of Delaware, and is certified in critical care nursing by AACN. She is a member of the Delaware Nurses Association. Clinical Nurse Specialist: March 1999 - Volume 13 - Issue 2 - p 77-84 Buy Abstract The purpose of the study was to examine research utilization practices relative to developing and revising practice protocols in acute care agencies in Delaware. Nurse leaders in 13 acute care agencies identified resource nurses most familiar with the development and revision of agency protocols. Thirty-two resource nurses from 11 agencies, representing critical care, emergency, general medical, general surgical, obstetric, and psychiatric nursing, were interviewed. Interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed. Examples of research-based protocols, defined as those supported by research citations, were obtained. The authors found that the majority of protocols submitted, although referenced, were not research-based. Most institutions used textbooks and standards to support nursing practice protocols. The authors concluded that nurses who are responsible for developing and revising agency protocols were not familiar with the use of research findings to guide the development or revision of protocols and were unsure what constituted the "use of research." © 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.