Education: PDF OnlyMinarik Pamela A MS RNClinical Nurse Specialist: July 1990 - p 109-114 Buy Abstract A critical challenge to nursing today is the development of effective models of service and education collaboration. Collaborative roles that include formal responsibilities for both education and service offer many opportunities and challenges for the clinical nurse specialist: they also require a juggling act. This paper describes the author's collaborative role in a university medical center with an emphasis on the perils and pleasures of the role. Also included is a brief history of the development of collaborative roles, the strengths and benefits of collaborative roles, and a presentation of selected collaborative models using a framework from the literature. © Williams & Wilkins 1990. All Rights Reserved.