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Living in a Poor, Rural Community Is an Independent Risk Factor for Developing Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Zappetti, Dana MD

doi: 10.1097/CPM.0000000000000317
Pulmonary Trends
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Synopsis: In this nationally representative sample of Americans, the following characteristics were significant risk factors associated with a higher prevalence of COPD: living in a rural area with a high level of poverty in the community. Among nonsmokers, living in a community that uses coal for heating was an additional risk factor.

Source: Raju S, Keet CA, Paulin LM, et al. Rural residence and poverty are independent risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the United States. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019;199(8):961–969.

Disclosure: The author declares that there is no conflicts of interest.

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