Lung cancer-related deaths in the United States in 2015 totaled 153,718, which is equivalent to a major catastrophe such as a Boeing 777 aircraft crashing and killing 550 passengers every 1.5 days per year. Lung cancer is the third most common cancer after breast cancer (for women) and prostate cancer (for men). In 2015, there were 218,527 new cases of lung cancer diagnosed in the United States. The large incidence and mortality of this malignancy makes it essential for efficient, accurate, and timely diagnosis via minimally invasive methods for lung cancer as well as staging. It is, therefore, of utmost importance to adequality train pulmonary physicians to perform and provide these services to our patients. A standard curriculum for endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration bronchoscopy education does not currently exist, and training methods vary among training programs. Can high-fidelity computer-based simulation aid in training physicians for endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration? What assessment tools can be used to assess the skill level and competence of trainees to ensure proper training for such an important procedure?
Departments of *Pulmonary and Critical Care
†Critical Care and Emergency Medicine
‡Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Interventional Pulmonary, East Carolina University, Vidant Medical Center, Greenville, NC
Funding received for this work from any of the following organizations: National Institutes of Health (NIH); Wellcome Trust; Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI); and other(s).
Disclosure: The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Address correspondence to: Bryan K. Dunn, MD, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care, East Carolina University, Vidant Medical Center, 2100 Stantonsburg Road, Greenville, NC 27894. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.