Although interventional bronchoscopy is widely used in the management of malignant airway obstruction, less is understood about its role in airway stenosis secondary to benign diseases. The present discussion briefly reviews the application of balloon dilation in the context of infectious, inflammatory, and post–lung-transplant tracheobronchial stenosis.
Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy and Immunology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC
Disclosure: S.J.K. has one pending patent related to bronchoscopy but unrelated to balloon bronchoplasty or dilation, and does not receive financial support from persons or entities related to the content of this manuscript. C.R.B. declares that there is no conflicts of interest.
Address correspondence to: Stephen J. Kuperberg, MD, Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy and Immunology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, 1 Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.