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Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders: Current Treatment Options

Mohsenin, Vahid M.D.

Clinical Pulmonary Medicine: March 2001 - Volume 8 - Issue 2 - p 95-100
Topics In Pulmonary Medicine
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Sleep-related breathing disorders are common and associated with high morbidity in the form of hypersomnia, chronic fatigue, and cognitive dysfunction. If the disorder remains untreated it may lead to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications. However, these disorders are highly treatable with marked improvement in quality of life and reduction in health care needs. There are several treatment options available that are quite effective. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure is the most popular treatment modality with an overall acceptance rate of 70%. Newer methods include application of mandibular advancement devices and minimally invasive tissue volume reduction techniques using radiofrequency energy. The treatment should be individualized according to the severity of the disorder, presence of comorbidity, upper airway anatomic abnormality, and patient compliance.

From The Yale Center for Sleep Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.

Address correspondence to: Vahid Mohsenin, M.D., Yale Center for Sleep Medicine, 40 Temple St, Suite 3C, New Haven, CT 06510. Address e-mail to: vahid.mohsenin@yale.edu

© 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.