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Equity360: Gender, Race, and Ethnicity—Trapped in the Joint Pain Vicious Cycle (Part I)

O’Connor, Mary I. MD, FAOA, FAAHKS, FAAOS

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research: November 2019 - Volume 477 - Issue 11 - p 2421-2423
doi: 10.1097/CORR.0000000000000977
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M. I. O’Connor, Director, Center for Musculoskeletal Care, Yale School of Medicine and Yale-New Haven Health, New Haven, CT, USA

Mary I. O’Connor MD, FAOA, FAAHKS, FAAOS, Center for Musculoskeletal Care, Yale School of Medicine and Yale New Haven Health, 659 George Street, Selina Lewis Building 4 Floor, New Haven, CT 06515 USA, Email: mary.oconnor@yale.edu

A note from the Editor-in-Chief: I am pleased to present the next installment of “Equity360: Gender, Race, and Ethnicity” written by Mary I. O’Connor MD, FAOA, FAAHKS, FAAOS. Dr. O’Connor is the Director of the Center for Musculoskeletal Care at Yale School of Medicine and Yale New Haven Health. She has written extensively about social issues, including the importance of increasing the number of women and underrepresented minorities in orthopaedic surgery. Her column explores the causes of the many disparities in musculoskeletal medicine, including those related to sex, gender, race, and ethnicity, and seeks to offer some solutions. In the first of a two-part series, Dr. O’Connor examines the far-reaching aspects of lower extremity joint pain and orthopaedic surgeons’ essential role in not only treating joint disease, but promoting physical activity and healthy lifestyles.

The author (MIO) certifies that she receives payment in the amount of USD 10,000 to USD 100,000 as a consultant for Zimmer Biomet (Warsaw, IN, USA) on musculoskeletal healthcare disparities. She is the chair of the Movement is Life Caucus.

All ICMJE Conflict of Interest Forms for authors and Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® editors and board members are on file with the publication and can be viewed on request.

The opinions expressed are those of the writer, and do not reflect the opinion or policy of, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® or The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons®.

© 2019 by the Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons
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