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Gender, Race, and Ethnicity—The Business Case for Diversity

O’Connor, Mary I., MD, FAOA, FAAHKS, FAAOS

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®: May 2019 - Volume 477 - Issue 5 - p 948–951
doi: 10.1097/CORR.0000000000000747

M. I. O’Connor, Director, Center for Musculoskeletal Care, Yale School of Medicine and Yale-New Haven Health, New Haven, CT, USA

Mary I. O’Connor MD, FAOA, FAAHKS, FAAOS, Center for Musculoskeletal Care, Yale School of Medicine and Yale-New Haven Health, 1450 Chapel Street, Selena Lewis 4, 06511, New Haven, CT, USA, Email:

A note from the Editor-in-Chief: I am pleased to present the first installment of “Equity360: Gender, Race, and Ethnicity” written by Mary I. O'Connor MD, FAOA, FAAHKS, FAAOS. Dr. O'Connor is the Director of the Center for Musculoskeletal Care at Yale School of Medicine and Yale-New Haven Health. She has written extensively about social issues, including the importance of increasing the number of women and underrepresented minorities in orthopaedic surgery. Her column explores the causes of the many disparities in musculoskeletal medicine, including those related to sex, gender, race, and ethnicity, and seeks to offer some solutions.

The author (MIO) certifies that is a consultant on musculoskeletal healthcare disparities, and has received, during the study period, an amount of USD 10,000 to USD 100,000 from Zimmer Biomet (Warsaw, IN, USA).

All ICMJE Conflict of Interest Forms for authors and Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® editors and board members are on file with the publication and can be viewed on request.

The opinions expressed are those of the writer, and do not reflect the opinion or policy of Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® or The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons®.

Received March 06, 2019

Accepted March 08, 2019

© 2019 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins LWW
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