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Unicompartmental Knee Replacement: A Minimum 15 Year Followup Study

Squire, Matthew, W.*; Callaghan, John, J.*; Goetz, Devon, D.**; Sullivan, Patrick, M.**; Johnston, Richard, C.*

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research: October 1999 - Volume 367 - Issue - p 61–72
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One hundred forty Marmor cemented unicompartmental knee replacements were inserted in 103 patients between 1975 and 1982. Fifty-two patients were women and 51 were men. One hundred twenty-five were medial compartment knee replacements and 15 were lateral knee replacements. At minimum 15 year followup 34 patients with 48 knee replacements were living; only four patients with four knee replacements were lost to followup. Average preoperative and final followup Hospital for Special Surgery knee scores were 57 and 82 points, respectively for the knees of living patients. Average preoperative and final followup Knee Society clinical and Knee Society functional scores were 31 and 42, and 85 and 71 points, respectively. For all knees, 10.2% (14 knees) were revised [4.4% (six knees) for tibial loosening, 5.1 % (seven knees) for disease progression, and.7% (one knee) for pain]. For patients living 15 years, 12.5% (six knees) were revised [2.1% (one knee) for tibial loosening, and 10.4% (five knees) for disease progression]. Revision for failure of fixation of these unicompartmental replacements was comparable with that reported for fixed bearing total knee replacement. Disease progression (46%; 62 of 136 knees) and tibial subsidence with wear (10.4%; 15 of 136 knees, five of which required revision) were the major long term problems in this group of patients.

*Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa

**Iowa Methodist Hospital, Des Moines, Iowa.

© 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.