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Radiographic Analysis of a Cemented Titanium Alloy Femoral Component

MEDING, JOHN, B.; HERBST, STEVEN, A.; KEATING, E., MICHAEL; FARIS, PHILIP, M.; RITTER, MERRILL, A.

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research: January 1997 - Volume 334 - Issue - p 184–189
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Proximal femoral cortical bone remodeling was evaluated radiographically about a 1 piece cemented titanium alloy femoral prosthesis implanted with modern cement techniques and was compared with one described previously in which early cement techniques and a stainless steel stem were used. Two hundred twenty-six total hip replacements (196 patients) were observed for an average of 6.3 years (range, 5–10 years). Analysis of all hips revealed that the ratio of cortical thickness to that of the overall femoral bone diameter did not change significantly about the periprosthetic bone throughout the length of the study. Cortical hypertrophy and atrophy occurred at rates similar to those seen with the early cement techniques. Distal fusiform cortical hypertrophy and the formation of osteosclerotic (reactive) lines at the bone cement interface occurred at approximately half the rate using modern cement techniques. In addition, cortical atrophy was associated with the formation of these reactive lines, the occurrence of osteolytic lesions, and progressive bone cement interface radiolucencies. Although periprosthetic cortical atrophy occurred at rates similar to those reported previously, important differences were noted between the findings of this study and the earlier study; these differences most likely were a result of cement technique or the prosthesis.

From The Center for Hip and Knee Surgery, Mooresville, Indiana.

© Lippincott-Raven Publishers.