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Changes in Osteosclerosis of the Osteoarthritic Knee After High Tibial Osteotomy

AKAMATSU, YASUSHI; KOSHINO, TOMIHISA; SAITO, TOMOYUKI; WADA, JIRO

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research: January 1997 - Volume 334 - Issue - p 207–214
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Radiographically demonstrated osteosclerosis was quantitatively evaluated in knees with medial compartmental osteoarthritis by dual xray absorptiometry. Bone density was measured in various areas of 144 knees with medial compartmental osteoarthritis, 23 knees of which were treated with high tibial osteotomy. The bone mineral density of the medial femoral and tibial condyles was greater than that of the lateral femoral and tibial condyles in all knees with medial compartmental osteoarthritis. The ratios of bone mineral density of the medial condyles to that of the lateral condyles were found to increase significantly with the progression of osteoarthritis. There was a significant positive regression line correlation between those ratios and the increase of varus deformity as expressed by the standing femorotibial angle. The former were calculated to be 1.0 when the latter was nearly 170° (10° anatomic valgus angulation). The ratio of bone mineral density of the medial femoral condyles to the lateral femoral condyles decreased sharply in all 23 knees within 1 year after high tibial osteotomy.

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yokohama City University, School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

© Lippincott-Raven Publishers.