Using sham replacement of the proximal femur in adult mongrel dogs, shear strength at the interface between polymethylmethacrylate bone cement and cancellous bone has been found to be linearly dependent on the depth of penetration of the cement into the bone. Shear strength at the interface was increased by 82% and penetration by 74% when distal bone plugging, pressure lavage, and pressurized insertion of cement were employed. Use of a lower-viscosity cement gave a further 18% increase in penetration and shear strength. There was no film of blood at the cement-bone interface with pressurized insertion of Simplex P and Pala-cos R cements.
From the Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia.
Reprints requests to Warren Macdonald. Department of Medical Engineering and Physics, King's College School of Medicine and Dentistry. Dulwich Hospital, East Dulwich Grove. London SE22 8PT, United Kingdom.
Received: December 13, 1988.
Revised: June 17, 1991.
Accepted: October 29, 1991.