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Biochemical Events During Stapling of the Proximal Tibial Epiphyseal Plate in Pigs

HERWIG, J.; SCHMIDT, A.; MATTHIAB, H., H.; KLEEMANN, H.; BUDDECKE, E.

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research: May 1987 - Volume 218 - Issue - p 283–289
Section III BASIC SCIENCE AND PATHOLOGY: PDF Only
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Epiphyseal stapling is considered a safe, effective method of correcting angular deformities of the knee in growing children. A study of the underlying biochemical events would contribute to a better understanding of the control of longitudinal growth rate in epiphyseal growth plates and of the molecular pathology of exaggerated physiologic bowleg or knock-knee deformities. Blount stainless staples were applied to the medial side of the proximal tibia epiphyseal growth plate of domestic pigs. The resulting biochemical changes were investigated by incubation of the isolated growth plate cartilage under organ culture conditions. On the fourth to the eighth day after stapling, a significant decrease of [14C]glucose uptake and lactate formation and a significantly lower specific radioactivity of the isolated glycosaminoglycans were observed in relation to the controls. During the second to 12th week, the incorporation of [3H]thymidine and the specific radioactivity of the glycosaminoglycans following incubation with [14C]glucose showed statistically significant decreases. The glycosaminoglycan content of the cartilage was not altered, but the chondroitin sulfate/keratan sulfate ratio was lower in the stapled than in the nonstapled areas. In this period, glucose uptake and lactate production were found to be normalized.

From the Institute of Physiological Chemistry and the Orthopaedic Hospital, University of Münster, Münster, West Germany.

© Lippincott-Raven Publishers.