ArticlesInteractions Between Diet and Gut Microbes in Inflammatory Bowel DiseaseMartinez, Kristina B. PhD; Chang, Eugene B. MDAuthor Information Dr. Martinez is Postdoctoral Scholar, and Dr. Chang is Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Section of Gastroenterology, The University of Chicago, 900 E. 57th St., Knapp Center for Biomedical Discovery, Chicago, IL 60637; E-mail: email@example.com. Dr. Martinez and Dr. Chang have disclosed that they have no financial relationships with, or financial interests in, any commercial companies pertaining to this educational activity. Clinical Nutrition Insight: September 2013 - Volume 39 - Issue 9 - p 1–5 doi: 10.1097/01.NMD.0000434456.52227.bd Buy Take the CE Test Metrics Abstract KEY MESSAGES Microbes are key players in the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and diet has profound effects on microbial composition of the gastrointestinal tract. Westernized diets, including those high in saturated fat, simple sugars, and meat, are associated with increased risk of IBD. Dietary interventions have the potential to alleviate symptoms associated with IBD via their effects on gut microbiota or other mechanisms, but more evidence is needed to support specific dietary recommendations for prevention and treatment. © 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.