Context and Objective:
Reconstruction of the knee ligament causes postoperative pain and delayed rehabilitation.
The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a prolonged preoperative and postoperative pregabalin use for arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament repair.
Materials and Methods:
Group 1 (N=25) patients received pregabalin 75 mg/d, and group 2 (N=25) received placebo, 7 days before and 7 days after surgery. Spinal anesthesia was performed using 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine (15 mg). The following were evaluated: pain intensity immediately after the surgery, and 12 hours, 24 hours, 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, and 2 months after the surgery using a Numerical Rating Scale; dose of postoperative supplementary analgesic for 2 months; time to first analgesic requirement; and side effects during 2 months. For supplementation, the participants received 1 g dipyrone; if there was no pain control, 100 mg ketoprofen was administered; if there was no effect, 100 mg tramadol was administered; and if there was no pain control, 5 mg intravenous morphine was administered until pain control.
There was no difference between the groups with regard to pain intensity (P=0.077). In the pregabalin group, morphine consumption was lower at 12 hours (P=0.039) and 24 hours (P=0.044) after surgery, and the consumption of tramadol and ketoprofen was lower 24 hours after surgery. There was no significant difference in the incidence of nausea and vomiting. Dizziness was higher in the pregabalin group (group 1=12 patients; group 2=3 patients; P=0.005).
A prolonged preoperative and postoperative pregabalin prescription for anterior cruciate ligament repair decreased the need for supplementary analgesics during the first 24 postoperative hours but increased dizziness.