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The Impact of Female Chronic Pelvic Pain Questionnaire (IF-CPPQ)

A Validation Study

Al-Abbadey, Miznah, PhD*; Liossi, Christina, PhD*; Graham, Cynthia A., PhD*,†

The Clinical Journal of Pain: July 2019 - Volume 35 - Issue 7 - p 602–610
doi: 10.1097/AJP.0000000000000703
Original Articles

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the validity, reliability, and factor structure of the Impact of Female Chronic Pelvic Pain Questionnaire (IF-CPPQ).

Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire study that was administered online. To be eligible to participate, women had to have experienced chronic pelvic pain for a minimum of 6 months and be at least 18 years of age. A total of 969 women (mean age: 35.4 y, SD=12.0) took part. The main outcome measure was the IF-CPPQ. Additional validated measures that assessed related constructs were also administered. Principal axis factor analysis was used to assess the factor structure of the IF-CPPQ. Internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach α. Convergent and discriminant validity was assessed using Pearson correlations between factor scores on the IF-CPPQ and measures of related constructs. The consistency and model fit of the resulting factor structure was assessed using confirmatory factor analysis.

Results: The final 26-item questionnaire comprised 5 factors (Psychological Impact, Sexual Impact, Relationship Impact, Occupational Impact, and Emotional Impact). Findings suggested good convergent and discriminant validity and internal consistency.

Discussion: The findings indicate that the IF-CPPQ is a reliable and valid measure of the impact of chronic pelvic pain on women. While the IF-CPPQ has the potential for multiple uses within research and clinical practice, further research is needed to determine the questionnaire’s ability to detect clinically meaningful changes with treatment.

*Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, University Road, Southampton, UK

The Kinsey Institute, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN

M.A.-A., C.L., and C.A.G.: conceived the paper. M.A.-A.: wrote the first draft, with further contributions from all authors. M.A.-A.: statistical analyses were undertaken.

The study received ethics approval from the Psychology Ethics Committee at the University of Southampton (date of approval: September 4, 2014; ERGO ethics number: 14988).

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Reprints: Miznah Al-Abbadey, PhD, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social, Human, and Mathematical Sciences, Shackleton Building (B44), Room 44/4121 University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK (e-mail:

Received July 9, 2018

Received in revised form February 25, 2019

Accepted February 25, 2019

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