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Opioid Use Disorder in Children and Adolescents

Risk Factors, Detection, and Treatment

Eisdorfer, Seth, MD*; Galinkin, Jeffrey, MD

The Clinical Journal of Pain: June 2019 - Volume 35 - Issue 6 - p 521–524
doi: 10.1097/AJP.0000000000000708
Special Topic Series on Opioid Therapeutics and Concerns in Pediatrics
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Opioid medications are an important tool in the management of pain and have been used in clinical practice for centuries. However, due to the highly addictive nature of this class of medications coupled with the life-threatening side effect of respiratory depression, opioid misuse has become a significant public health crisis worldwide. Children and adolescents are at risk for opioid misuse, and early detection is imperative to facilitate treatment and improve outcomes. This review will address the current state of opioid misuse and treatment in children and adolescents in the United States.

Departments of *Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology and Pediatrics, University of Colorado, Children’s Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Reprints: Jeffrey Galinkin, MD, Departments of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics, University of Colorado, Children’s Hospital Colorado, 10045 E 16th Avenue, B090, Aurora, CO 80045 (e-mail: Jeffrey.galinkin@childrenshospital.org).

Received January 10, 2019

Accepted January 22, 2019

Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.