Sickle cell disease-related pain is difficult to treat adequately. Pain secondary to vasoocclusive episodes (VOE) may be unresponsive to high-dose intravenous opiates. Alternative treatment options for VOE are needed. We sought to review our experience with low-dose ketamine for children hospitalized with VOE.
Retrospective medical chart reviews were conducted for hospitalized patients treated with ketamine for sickle cell VOE. Data gathered included vital signs, pain scores, opiate utilization, and adverse events.
Five children and adolescents received a low-dose ketamine infusion for the treatment of sickle cell-related pain. Four received the infusion in addition to opiates (delivered via patient controlled analgesia) as a rescue intervention after several days of inadequate pain relief and 1 patient received ketamine in place of opiates. Two of the 5 patients achieved what seems to be clinically significant pain control with a low-dose ketamine infusion, whereas 1 additional patient had significant reduction in opiate utilization.
Further research into ketamine for vasoocclusive pain is warranted.
*Connecticut Children's Medical Center
†Department of Pediatrics, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Hartford, CT
Supported by the Patrick and Catherine Weldon Donaghu Medical Research Foundation, West Hartford, CT.
Reprints: William T. Zempsky, MD, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, 282 Washington Street, Suite 5 G, Hartford, CT 06106 (e-mail: email@example.com).
Received for publication December 5, 2008
revised June 23, 2009
accepted June 26, 2009