Treatment and Prevention of Pneumococcal InfectionMOUMNE, OLIVIA BS; DUFF, PATRICK MDClinical Obstetrics and Gynecology: April 18, 2019 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p doi: 10.1097/GRF.0000000000000451 Original Article: PDF Only Buy PAP Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics Streptococcus pneumoniae, a gram-positive diplococcus, is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. The diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia is usually confirmed by chest x-ray and gram stain. The most appropriate antibiotics for treatment pneumococcal infection are macrolides, beta-lactams, and quinolones. Two vaccines, PPSV23 and PCV13, are highly effective in preventing infection. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida The authors declare that they have nothing to disclose. Correspondence: Olivia Moumne, BS, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL. E-mail: Oliviamoumne@ufl.edu Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.