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Diet for a Healthy Lactating Woman

KOLASA, KATHRYN M. PHD, RDN, LDN*,†; FIRNHABER, GINA MSN, MLS, RN, MPH; HAVEN, KELLEY MD§,∥

Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology: December 2015 - Volume 58 - Issue 4 - p 893–901
doi: 10.1097/GRF.0000000000000144
Breastfeeding

The nutrient and caloric requirements for lactation are set by the Institute of Medicine. The dietary pattern to meet those needs is found in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Only deficiency states for selected nutrients and/or prolonged inadequate caloric intake appear to affect the volume and quality of breast milk. Other dietary concerns of lactating women include “dieting” to return to prepregnancy weight; low maternal intake of selected nutrients due to health conditions or food choices; need for supplementation of calcium, vitamin D, and fatty acids; and use of non-nutritive sweeteners, caffeine, herbal supplements, and alcohol.

Departments of *Family Medicine and Pediatrics

§Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brody School of Medicine

Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University

Vidant Health

Vidant Medical Center, Greenville, North Carolina

The authors declare that they have nothing to disclose.

Correspondence: Kathryn M. Kolasa, PhD, RDN, LDN, 3080 Dartmouth Drive, Greenville, NC. E-mails: kolasaka@ecu.edu; kolasaka@gmail.com

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