BreastfeedingContraception and BreastfeedingPIEH HOLDER, KELLY LYNNE DO, MA, IBCLCAuthor Information Vidant Medical Center, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina The authors declare that they have nothing to disclose. Correspondence: Kelly Lynne Pieh Holder, DO, MA, IBCLC, Vidant Medical Center, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC. E-mail: [email protected] Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology: December 2015 - Volume 58 - Issue 4 - p 928-935 doi: 10.1097/GRF.0000000000000157 Buy Metrics Abstract Postpartum contraception is important to lengthening birth intervals and improving the health of women and children. For breastfeeding women the choice and timing of contraception may influence breastfeeding and infant growth patterns. Nonhormonal methods of contraception are the preferred choice for breastfeeding women. Progestin-only methods comprise a viable next option. Combined hormonal methods of contraception containing estrogen and progestin may be considered as a third option for birth control in breastfeeding women. The objective of this chapter is to review the current literature and recommendations for the use of hormonal and nonhormonal methods of contraception while breastfeeding. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.