Physical Activity in Women: Current Guidelines and Strategies for Promoting ComplianceCHIN, HOMER G. MDClinical Obstetrics and Gynecology: September 2014 - Volume 57 - Issue 3 - p 456–464 doi: 10.1097/GRF.0000000000000045 Contemporary Obesity and Lifestyle Issues in Women Abstract Author Information The benefits of physical activity are significant. The risks of premature death, cardiovascular disease, strokes, diabetes mellitus, certain cancers, and cognitive impairment are decreased with moderate-intensity and vigorous-intensity physical activity. Guidelines have been published by the American College of Sports Medicine, American Heart Association, and US Department of Health and Human Services. The availability of pedometers has popularized step-based programs. Unfortunately, compliance with these guidelines is poor. Physical activity counseling should be a part of every woman’s health maintenance encounter. The 5 A’s consisting of assess, advise, agree, assist, and arrange can be effective in increasing physical activity. University of California, San Diego Health System, San Diego, California The author declares that there is nothing to disclose. Correspondence: Homer G. Chin, MD, University of California, San Diego Health System, San Diego, CA. E-mail: email@example.com © 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.