Multiple Sclerosis and PregnancyHOUTCHENS, MARIA MD, MMSIClinical Obstetrics and Gynecology: June 2013 - Volume 56 - Issue 2 - p 342–349 doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e31828f272b Neurologic Diseases in Pregnancy: An Overview Abstract Author Information Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological illness affecting adults at the time when they are most likely to consider starting a family. It is known that the risk of MS relapse declines during pregnancy but increases in the first 3 to 6 months postpartum. It is also known that this risk is not affected by delivery method, anesthesia type, or parity. Unanswered questions remain, including long-term pregnancy effects on MS outcomes, effects of lactation on postpartum relapses, or the best management strategies of MS patients through reproductive cycle. This review provides information and guidelines for counseling patients with MS desiring motherhood. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Brookline, Massachusetts The author declares that there is nothing to disclose. Correspondence: Maria Houtchens, MD, MMSI, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Brookline, MA. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org © 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.