Substance Abuse and PregnancyThe Use of Narcotics and Street Drugs During PregnancyLINDSAY, MICHAEL K. MD, MPH; BURNETT, ERIN MDAuthor Information Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia The authors declare that they have nothing to disclose. Correspondence: Michael K. Lindsay, MD, MPH, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 69 Jesse Hill Jr. Drive, SE, Atlanta, GA. E-mail: email@example.com Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology: March 2013 - Volume 56 - Issue 1 - p 133-141 doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e31827fb6ad Buy SDC Metrics Abstract All prenatal care providers should offer routine voluntary substance use screening to all patients. Parturients who screen positive for illicit substances require a multidisciplinary team approach to drug rehabilitation and prenatal care. This review will examine the pharmacological properties and the neonatal consequences of the use of opioids and amphetamines. Substance-abusing parturients typically abuse multiple substances simultaneously and have other comorbidities including psychosocial instability and mental illness. These comorbidities must be effectively addressed to achieve optimal health outcomes for both mother and infant. © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.