Opportunistic Infections in Women With HIV AIDSLAZENBY, GWENETH B. MD, MSCRClinical Obstetrics and Gynecology: December 2012 - Volume 55 - Issue 4 - p 927–937 doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e3182718e0d Severe Infections in Gynecology Abstract Author Information Women account for half of the global human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) infections. Heterosexual contact is the leading risk factor in women. Over 50% of patients are significantly immunosuppressed at the time of diagnosis. Women with advanced HIV infection are at a risk for opportunistic infections (OIs). OIs lead to significant morbidity and cost. Some of OIs may impact women more significantly than men, that is, human papillomavirus infection and cervical cancer. OIs during pregnancy can increase the risk of maternal-to-child transmission of HIV and some OIs, such as Hepatitis C. This chapter will review of OIs that are most important in women’s health. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina The author declares that she has nothing to disclose. Correspondence: Gweneth B. Lazenby, MD, MSCR, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina, Suite 634, Charleston, SC. E-mail: email@example.com © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.