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Epidemiology of Endometriosis:: An Assessment of Risk Factors


Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology: June 2010 - Volume 53 - Issue 2 - p 389-396
doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e3181db7bde

Endometriosis is the third leading cause of gynecologic hospitalization in the United States. This disease impacts both a woman's physical and mental well being. This impact is often compounded by the frequent delay from the onset of symptoms to a confirmed diagnosis, which may average 6 years or more. The precise incidence and prevalence of endometriosis remains elusive for a multitude of reasons, and their measurement remains difficult to accurately assess. None the less, there are many unique and interesting components to the disease which arise when population-based analyses are performed. The goal of this paper is to investigate and summarize the existing epidemiologic parameters, primarily risk factors, associated with endometriosis.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wilford Hall Medical Center, SAUSHEC, Lackland Air Force Base, Texas

Support: None.

Correspondence: Matthew G. Retzloff, MD, MC, LtCol, USAF, Reproductive Endocrinology, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, TX. E-mail:

The authors are federal employees, authored the article as part of our employment duties, and thus are exempt from copyright assignment. In addition, the views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy of the Department of Defense or other Departments of the United States Government.

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.