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Pregnancy and Alcohol Use: Evidence and Recommendations for Prenatal Care


Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology: June 2008 - Volume 51 - Issue 2 - p 436-444
doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e31816fea3d
Societal Factors in Pregnancy: Why Worry?

Pregnancy alcohol consumption has been linked to poor birth outcomes and long-term developmental problems. Despite this, a significant number of women drink during pregnancy. Although most prenatal care providers are asking women about alcohol use, validated screening tools are infrequently employed. Research has demonstrated that currently available screening methods and intervention techniques are effective in identifying and reducing pregnancy drinking. Implementing universal screening and appropriate intervention for pregnancy alcohol use should be a priority for prenatal care providers, as these efforts could substantially improve pregnancy, birth, and longer term developmental outcomes for those affected.

*Department of Family Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan

Correspondence: Dr Beth A. Bailey, PhD, Department of Family Medicine, East Tennessee State University, PO Box 70621, Johnson City, TN. E-mail:

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.