Clinical neurophysiology is an evolving area of medicine with clinical applications in intensive care unit and intraoperative settings, where EEG is used. An interdisciplinary module was implemented over 7 years in one institution to strengthen anesthesiology residents' EEG education. This study researched the module's outcome by evaluating participants' specific performance on EEG-related questions (keywords) through independent testing, i.e., the in-training examinations (ITEs).
Residency program ITE performance reports from 2002 to 2014 were searched for EEG keyword items. The ITE uses images for assessment. Analysis of variance was used to evaluate differences in the composite performance (mean percent correct on EEG-related keywords) of anesthesiology trainees from their clinical anesthesia year 1 (CA-1) to their clinical anesthesia year 3 (CA-3) who received the education module and compared with those who did not receive the training module, as well as compared with the national average for the corresponding training level.
Residents who received the education module (mean percent correct = 83.3%, 95% CI: 74.0–92.7) performed significantly better than residents within the same program who did not receive the module (P = 0.04; mean difference = 22.0%, 95% CI: 1.0–43.0), as well as national residents on the same keywords (P = 0.01; mean difference = 23.4%, 95% CI: 3.9–42.9). Differences between residents who did not receive the module and national residents (matched for same keywords) were not statistically significant (P = 0.983, mean difference = 5.2%, 95% CI: −17.3 to 27.7).
The multidisciplinary education module was effective for the EEG-specific topics as measured by the national ITE examination performance that resulted in sustained learning over time.
Departments of *Anesthesiology and
†Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, U.S.A;
‡Department of Neurology, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky, U.S.A.; and
§Department of Pediatrics, Eastern Virginia Medical School, The Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters, Norfolk, Virginia, U.S.A.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Brenda G. Fahy, MD, MCCM, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, 1600 SW Archer Road, PO Box 100254, Gainesville, FL 32610-0254, U.S.A.; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
B.G. Fahy received salary support from the Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research for Make it Stick: An Educational Model to Improve Long-Term Retention grant. The remaining authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.